Farm bill negotiators conceded Tuesday that they will not finish their work before Congress goes home for the year, but insisted that they are close to a final deal and working toward floor action in early January. “We are very confident that we are going to have an agreement,” Senate Agriculture Committee Chairwoman Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.) said. “We will be ready to vote in January.” The next few days remain pivotal as lawmakers wait on final scores from the Congressional Budget Office related to the commodity title.
Don’t Expect ‘14 Congress to do Much
During this year of standoff and stagnancy, one of the few things Congress managed to do was shut down the federal government. When that’s your crowning achievement, it’s hard to find much to brag about. “At least we're not actually making things worse,” said Rep. Steve Stivers (R-Ohio).
After starting the year with an ambitious agenda that included everything from tax reform to immigration reform to an overhaul of the No Child Left Behind education law, little has been done. And there are about two weeks left before Congress adjourns for the year. The House plans to recess after this week; the Senate returned Monday after a recess but will quit for the year around Dec. 20.
RFS Remains Under Attack
The Renewable Fuels Standard has been under the microscope recently. The Environmental Protection Agency recently proposed scaling it back and now the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee will hold a hearing about renewable fuels. But Matt Erickson, an economist with the American Farm Bureau Federation, said in a recent Newsline that backtracking on the RFS is a bad move by the administration.
EPA released its proposed volume requirements for 2014 and set the fuel-blending requirement overall for total renewable fuels to 15.52 billion gallons, 1 billion gallons less than 2013 and about 2.6 billion gallons below what was set in the Renewable Fuels Standard law, noted Erickson.
With research showing that increased physical activity and better nutrition can lead to improved academic performance, Fuel Up to Play 60 - the nation's largest in-school nutrition and physical activity program, founded under the leadership of America's dairy farmers - celebrates five successful years of empowering students to drive healthy changes in schools across the country. To mark the occasion and look to the future, the National Dairy Council, National Football League, GENYOUth Foundation, Agriculture Department, Health and Human Services Department and Education Department have recommitted efforts and assets for five more years to help Fuel Up to Play 60 continue to build on its success in creating healthier school environments. The $250 million public/private partnership is complemented by the support of health professionals, and education, physical activity, nutrition, government and corporate organizations that come together to positively impact school health.
Through Fuel Up to Play 60, students in more than 73,000 schools nationwide are making a difference. As a result of the program, last year 14 million students made better food choices by selecting nutritious options like low-fat and fat-free dairy products, fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Additionally, 14 million students are getting more physical activity during the school day.
‘America’s Heartland’ Episode 914 Debuts
There’s definitely something fishy about “America’s Heartland” episode 914, which debuts this week. Segments feature Maine lobster fishing, Arkansas fish farming, trout recipes and Maryland Chesapeake Bay Oysters. The show airs on many PBS stations nationwide. It’s also broadcast by RFD-TV and available for viewing online 24/7. “America’s Heartland” is the only national television series celebrating and profiling the people, places and processes of American agriculture. Visit americasheartland.org for more information.
Monday, December 9, 2013
Hearing Will Examine Federal Policies on the RFS
The Senate Environment and Public Works Committee will hold a subcommittee hearing on “the status and effectiveness of federal policies that implement the federal renewable fuel standard (RFS) program.” The hearing is scheduled for Dec. 11. Learn more here.
Farm Bureau supports the RFS2 as passed in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. The American Farm Bureau Federation will be submitting comments to EPA regarding the proposed rule on 2014 RFS volume requirements.
CropLife Foundation Report Examines Seed Treatments
The CropLife Foundation has released “The Role of Seed Treatment in Modern U.S. Crop Production,” an in-depth report detailing the uses of seed treatments, primarily fungicides and insecticides, and the resulting benefits for growers, consumers and the environment. The report highlights the role of modern seed treatments in producing healthier, more uniform crops; increasing crop value; and allowing growers to plant earlier in the season, all while reducing potential environmental exposure through an increasingly precise application method.
To download the full report, visit http://croplifeamerica.org/seedtreatment.
USDA Offers Food Safety Tips for Areas Affected by Storms
The Agriculture Department has issued food safety recommendations for those affected by the weather system moving across the Rockies to the Ohio Valley. Power outages that result from weather emergencies compromise the safety of stored food, but there are steps that can minimize food waste and the risk of foodborne illness.
FB Member Honored as Communicator of the Year
Ryan Goodman, a Farm Bureau member in Arkansas, was recently honored as the inaugural recipient of The Alliance to Feed the Future’s Communicator of the Year Award. The award recognizes effective and innovative new voices that are enhancing the public dialogue about modern food production through multi-channel communications, including social media. Goodman is pursuing a master’s degree at the University of Tennessee. His field of study is interactions between cattle nutrition and reproduction. He is also manager of Communications for the Montana Stockgrowers Association.
Food Allergy Death Less Likely Than Murder
Food allergy sufferers are more likely to be murdered than to die from a severe reaction—but allergen labelling is about much more than fatality risk, says an allergen expert.
Friday, December 6, 2013
Will There be A Farm Bill for Christmas?
Unless Congress does something about it, the farm bill will expire at the end of this year. In Thursday’s Newsline, Dale Moore, the American Farm Bureau Federation’s executive director of public policy, said he’s holding out a wee bit of hope that it will happen before Christmas.
“We’re going on three years now of waiting for a new farm bill to get done,” said Moore. He also noted, “From the standpoint of time running out this year, we’re back to hoping and praying that we can get something done, if not before the 13th then hopefully the House and Senate go into a little bit of overtime before this year is out and maybe we’ll see something get done before Christmas gets here.”
If Congress does not enact a new farm bill, permanent law from 1949 will take over. If you consume any dairy products, that won’t be good for your pocketbook.
RFS Heats up in Washington
The renewable fuels standard has been front and center this week in Washington, D.C. On Thursday, the Environmental Protection Agency held a hearing on its proposal to roll back total 2014 renewable fuel blending requirements to 15.52 billion gallons, which is 1 billion gallons less than 2013 totals.
On a media call earlier this week, American Farm Bureau economist Matt Erickson said if approved, the RFS changes could have real economic impacts.
“This will definitely … dampen the prospects for advanced biofuels, now and in the future,” Erickson said, explaining that the growth in ag exports, livestock output and crop output have all grown since 2007 when the RFS2 was adopted. He also noted that while some policy opponents suggest that ethanol has a part to play in corn price increases, especially last year, the worst drought since the 1930s was more to blame.
Report: Farm Bill Reduces Runoff, Sediment in Chesapeake Bay
A record number of voluntary conservation practices adopted by Chesapeake Bay farmers since 2006 have significantly reduced the amount of nitrogen, sediment and phosphorus leaving cultivated croplands, according to a new report released on Thursday.
The report, part of USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP), estimates that since 2006, conservation practices applied by farmers and landowners are reducing nitrogen leaving fields by 48.6 million pounds each year, or 26 percent, and reducing phosphorus by 7.1 million pounds, or 46 percent.
The report notes that these practices have also lowered the estimated average edge-of-field losses of sediment, or eroded soil, by about 15.1 million tons a year, or 60 percent – enough soil to fill 150,000 railcars stretching more than 1,700 miles. The majority of the conservation practices in the Chesapeake Bay were made possible through Farm Bill conservation programs, which are now expired.
Download a fact sheet, a summary or the full report. Learn more about USDA’s Conservation Effects Assessment Project.
WTO Draft Text Released
Making a breakthrough in talks, the World Trade Organization today released draft text of the proposed “Bali Package” agreement on customs, development and agriculture issues. Launched 12 years ago as the Doha Round, WTO trade negotiations have since faltered because of the full consensus needed by all member countries to pass a global trade deal.
According to the Chicago Tribune, the deal would reduce export subsidies, open borders to least developed countries and accommodate food subsidies supported by India. India’s unwillingness to compromise on food subsidies for hundreds of millions of poor has been the stumbling block during the talks.
If WTO members are able to achieve consensus on the texts during informal meetings, then they would subsequently hold the closing session of the ministerial where they would formally adopt the Bali package.
Searchable Farmers’ Market Listing Debuts on FillYourPlate.Org
Arizona Farm Bureau’s Fill Your Plate, the online, searchable database of Arizona retail farmers and ranchers, recently turned its static listing of farmers’ markets into a searchable database. Arizona families, chefs and resorts have always had a place to go to search for fresh, locally grown and raised Arizona products. Now the site’s farmers’ market listing has the same robust search functionality. There are nearly 100 farmers’ markets in Arizona. Learn more at www.fillyourplate.org.
Thursday, December 5, 2013
Leaders Must Lead Toward Farm Bill Conclusion
“It is time, once and for all, to unify behind a farm bill that works for all of American agriculture, including crop, livestock and fruit and vegetable growers,” said American Farm Bureau Federation President Bob Stallman in a statement released Wednesday. AFBF expressed strong support of congressional Agriculture committee chairs and leaders.
“We believe that through the leadership of Ag Committee leaders–Chairman Lucas, Chairwoman Stabenow, Ranking Member Peterson and Ranking Member Cochran–working in conjunction with the committee conferees, we will get a farm bill done, and it will be a farm bill that works for all commodities and all regions,” Stallman said. “We must move forward. It is time to let our leaders lead. The American Farm Bureau Federation will do what it can to help close ranks on any remaining issue –for the good of the whole of American agriculture, consumers, our hard-working farm and ranch families and the rural communities they support.”
Farm Bill Talks Progress
Farm bill negotiators broke major new ground toward a long-sought deal, even as a leading agriculture lobby (AFBF) urged rival commodity groups Wednesday to “close ranks” behind a final package this winter. Staff were closeted still working out the details and much will depend on final scoring from the Congressional Budget Office.
But both sides made important concessions in the course of an hour-long closed-door meeting Wednesday of the four top principals from the House and Senate Agriculture committees. The House moved off its position that all commodity subsidies be a function of a farmer’s planted acres. The Senate agreed to greater food stamp savings—albeit still far short of the $40 billion in 10 years cuts approved by the House in September.
Farmers, Ranchers Call for Action on Water Rights Bill
Farmers and ranchers are urging House members to act soon on a bill that recognizes states’ long-standing authority to confer water rights and retains the position that the federal government will respect those lawfully acquired rights. The measure, the Water Rights Protection Act (H.R. 3189), was recently approved by the House Natural Resources Committee and is ready to be taken up on the House floor.
The legislation “does not expand rights for individuals at the expense of any federal agency, nor does it in any way limit or constrain existing rights held by the U.S. Forest Service or the Bureau of Land Management,” American Farm Bureau Federation President Bob Stallman noted in a letter to House Resources Committee members. Read more on the FBNews website.
Video Highlights Poultry Farmers’ Victory Against EPA
A new video produced by the American Farm Bureau Federation explains how West Virginia poultry farmers Lois and Tony Alt prevailed in court in a case against the Environmental Protection Agency. The video is available in broadcast quality for download (complete story and clean story without graphics). You may also listen to a Newsline podcast about the case.
The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia ruled in October that contrary to EPA’s contention, ordinary stormwater from Alt’s farmyard is exempt from federal Clean Water Act permit requirements. AFBF and the West Virginia Farm Bureau intervened alongside Alt as co-plaintiffs to help resolve the issue for the benefit of other poultry and livestock farmers.
‘America’s Heartland’ Episode 913 Debuts
“America’s Heartland” episode 913 debuts this week with segments featuring an organic farm in California, “food grade” sorghum and Virginia’s farm-to-school program. The show airs on many PBS stations nationwide. It’s also broadcast by RFD-TV and available for viewing online 24/7. “America’s Heartland” is the only national television series celebrating and profiling the people, places and processes of American agriculture. Visit americasheartland.org for more information.
Tuesday, December 3, 2013
Time Running out on Congress
Putting a budget together is one of Congress’ basic responsibilities, but how to do it is a huge political divide. According to Dale Moore, the American Farm Bureau Federation’s executive director of public policy, the longer it takes for the House and Senate to reach agreement, the more painful it could be for everyone.
In Monday’s Newsline report, Moore said progress on the budget process is a bit of a question mark, but one thing is for sure: Without an agreement below certain levels, the government will be hit with another round of sequestration, in other words, mandatory budget cuts.
Ryan, Murray Closer to Budget Deal
House and Senate negotiators are pushing to finalize a small-scale deal to set spending levels and replace sequester cuts for the next two years, a potential respite in the bitter budget wars consuming Congress. The two congressional budget leaders—Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wis.) and Sen. Patty Murray (D-Wash.)—are considering a plan that would give relief to some of the domestic and defense programs most burdened by the sequester through 2015 by replacing those cuts with budgetary savings in other areas, according to sources familiar with the negotiations.
New revenue through fee increases—not tax hikes—is likely. The emerging plan also would attempt to find a middle ground between overall federal spending levels sought by Ryan and Murray in their respective budget plans. Under one proposal still under consideration, overall discretionary spending levels would be set in the $1 trillion range for 2014. That’s an uptick from the $967 billion spending level under the Budget Control Act but lower than the $1.058 trillion level initially sought by Senate Democrats.
Congress Hits new Productivity Lows
Congress is on track to beat its own low record of productivity, enacting fewer laws this year than at any point in the past 66 years. It’s a continuing slide of productivity that began in 2011, after Republicans recaptured the House majority in the 2010 elections, ending Democrats’ monopoly of Congress and the presidency. Common ground has eluded the two parties while the legislative to-do list piles up. The 112th Congress, covering 2011-12, emerged as the least productive two-year legislating period on record, while 2013 is on track to become the least productive single year in modern history.
60-Day Comment Period Begins for 2014 RFS
On Friday the Environmental Protection Agency published a Federal Register notice for a 60-day public comment period on its 2014 Renewable Fuel Standard requirements. EPA’s proposal would for the first time scale back requirements for the total amount of biofuels that must be blended into the nation’s gasoline supply.
The proposal lowers the mandate to 15.2 billion gallons of renewable fuels. Of the 15.2 billion gallons, 13.01 billion gallons is to come from conventional ethanol and 2.2 billion gallons from advanced biofuels. The RFS as passed by Congress in the Energy Independence and Security Act calls for 18.15 billion gallons of renewable fuels next year, with 14.4 billion gallons to be conventional ethanol and 3.75 billion gallons advanced biofuels.
Comments must be submitted to EPA on or before Jan. 28. AFBF will be submitting comments that will be shared with state Farm Bureaus.
USDA Issues Revised Trade Forecast
The Agriculture Department has revised its forecasts for fiscal year 2014 agricultural trade. Exports are now expected to fall $3.9 billion from fiscal year 2013’s record, to $137 billion. Imports are expected to rise $5.7 billion from fiscal 2013, to a new record: $110 billion. Compared with the last forecast in August, the new forecast for exports is $2 billion higher and the forecast for imports is $3.5 billion lower.
Maybe it’s time to admit that whatever comes out of the great Farm Bill Wars in Congress will be—an experiment. Indeed, it’s a whole new world already compared to the last enacted bill in 2008, which passed by veto-proof margins and was helped along then by added money for nutrition and continued direct cash payments to farmers.
This time the mandate is entirely different: requiring a major rewrite of the commodity title while also tackling food stamps—all in the name of reform and deficit reduction. Ignored by the national press, it’s one of the great untold policy battles of this Congress. But it’s also now reached a breaking point, where each side has tied itself in such knots that Washington will soon enter its third year of debate on a five-year bill—an apt symbol of the Capitol's dysfunction.
Concerns Continue Over Food Safety Modernization Act
Sens. Roy Blunt (R-Mo.) and Jeanne Shaheen (D-N.H.) and Reps. Joe Courtney (D-Conn.) and Chris Gibson (R-N.Y.) recently sent a bipartisan, bicameral letter to the Food and Drug Administration expressing concerns with the agency’s proposed Food Safety Modernization Act rules, specifically how farmers and their businesses would be affected. The letter urged the agency to submit a second draft of the rules for public comment before issuing the final set of regulations. The letter was co-signed by 75 members of Congress, including 42 Republicans and 33 Democrats or Independents. A total of 30 signers were senators and 45 were from the House of Representatives.
The request is consistent with Farm Bureau’s continued comments that a second comment period is necessary prior to finalization of rules.
FSA: Producers Advised to Anticipate Payment Reductions
The Agriculture Department’s Farm Service Agency is reminding farmers and ranchers who participate in FSA programs to plan accordingly in fiscal year 2014 for automatic spending reductions known as sequestration. The Budget Control Act of 2011 mandates that federal agencies implement automatic, annual reductions to discretionary and mandatory spending limits. For mandatory programs, the sequestration rate for FY2014 is 7.2 percent.
FSA is implementing sequestration for the following programs: Dairy Indemnity Payment Program; marketing assistance loans; loan deficiency payments; sugar loans; Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program; Tobacco Transition Payment Program; 2013 direct and counter-cyclical payments; 2013 Average Crop Revenue Election Program; 2011 and 2012 Supplemental Revenue Assistance Program; storage, handling; and Economic Adjustment Assistance for upland cotton. Conservation Reserve Program payments are specifically exempt by statute from sequestration, thus these payments will not be reduced.
For information about FSA programs, visit your county USDA Service Center or go to http://www.fsa.usda.gov/FSA/webapp?area=home&subject=landing&topic=landing.
Controversial Cancer Study on GMO Foods Retracted
A controversial French study purportedly linking genetically modified foods to tumors and organ failure in rats—research widely hailed by anti-GM activists and fiercely denounced by scientists—has been retracted. Science publisher Elsevier announced Thursday that its journal, Food and Chemical Toxicity, was pulling the paper after a lengthy review of the raw data. Because of problems with the type and number of animals used, the publisher said the study was inconclusive and does “not reach the threshold of publication.” Since the paper was published in Nov. 2012, the last name of its author, Gilles-Eric Séralini, became a byword for scientific scandal.
Southern Groves a few Nuts shy in 2013
It is a meager holiday in the pecan groves of the South and the pain is stretching to kitchens across the country. A rare collision of ill-timed rain, marauding animals and a growing love affair between the Chinese middle class and the pecan has resulted in the worst pecan supply in recent memory. As a result, grocery store prices are up by about 30 percent, causing holiday bakers to think twice about their menus.
In 2012, the nation’s pecan orchards produced about 302 million pounds of pecans. This year, that number could drop by as much as 35 percent, according to industry officials.
Wednesday, November 27, 2013
25 Workshops in 5 Tracks on tap at AFBF Annual Convention
More than 25 educational workshops will be offered at the American Farm Bureau Federation’s 95th Annual Convention, Jan. 12-15, 2014, in San Antonio. That’s up from 12 workshops offered in previous years. Workshops are organized into five tracks: Building Better Advocates, Building Better Businesses, Building Better Leaders, Building Better Technology and Building Better Memories.
In addition to the five main workshop tracks, AFBF will showcase two featured workshops and two insurance workshops. Attendees may select a track and follow all of the offerings specific to their choice or mix and match. All workshop descriptions will be available in the program and on the new Annual Convention app. Learn more at http://annualconvention.fb.org/.
Net Farm Income Forecast to Increase 15 Percent in 2013
Net farm income is forecast to be $131 billion in 2013, up 15.1 percent from 2012’s estimate of $113.8 billion according to the Agriculture Department. After adjusting for inflation, 2013’s net farm income is expected to be the highest since 1973. Substantial year-end crop inventories are expected as a result of the record corn harvest. Net cash income—which measures the difference between cash expenses and the combination of commodities sold during the calendar year plus other sources of farm income—is forecast at $129.7 billion, down just over 3 percent from 2012. Even so, 2013’s forecast would be the fourth time net cash income, after adjusting for inflation, has exceeded $100 billion since 1973.
The projected $10.9-billion increase in total expenses in 2013, to $352 billion, continues a string of year-to-year increases (except for 2009) that have taken place since 2002. In both nominal and inflation-adjusted dollars, 2013 production expenses are expected to be the highest on record. Labor and rent are the expense items expected to increase the most in 2013, while producers are expected to pay less for fuel and fertilizer.
Farm sector assets, debt, and equity are all forecast to increase in 2013. As in the last several years, increases in farm asset value are expected to exceed increases in farm debt, with farm real estate the main driving force. Confirming the strength of the farm sector’s solvency, both the debt-to-asset ratio and debt-to-equity ratio are expected to reach historic lows.
MN Farm Bureau Members Raise Funds for SD Rancher Relief
Farm Bureau members, county Farm Bureaus in Minnesota and the Minnesota Farm Bureau Foundation came together recently during the Minnesota Farm Bureau Foundation Auction to raise more than $22,000 for the South Dakota Farm Bureau Cares fund. The fund benefits ranchers and farmers affected by Storm Atlas in November. For more information go to www.fbmn.org.
Members of Congress Leave Washington for Recess
Both the Senate and House are currently on recess. The Senate reconvenes Dec. 9; the House on Dec. 2. A live video stream of the U.S. Capitol dome is available for your viewing pleasure here: http://www.senate.gov/general/capcam.htm.
Online Well Owner Lessons Coming in December
The first in a series of free online private well owner lessons will be available in December. “Testing Your Water: What should I test for?” will be accessed through the National Ground Water Association’s Website, WellOwner.org (www.wellowner.org).
Next Issue of Executive Newswatch
AFBF offices will be closed on Thursday and Friday this week in observance of Thanksgiving. Look for the next issue of Executive Newswatch on Monday, Dec. 2.
Tuesday, November 26, 2013
Farmers Thankful for Progress on Water Resources Bill
Farmers and ranchers—along with most of the rest of the population—are hard-pressed to find much to be thankful to Congress for this year. But American Farm Bureau transportation specialist Andrew Walmsley said there is one reason in Monday’s Newsline: both the House and the Senate managed to pass water resources legislation, which would update outdated locks and dams and port facilities.
“They understand the importance of having this waterways infrastructure and how it fits into a national network of moving goods across the country, goods everyone needs. A lot of things move through our waterways and a lot more things move through our ports,” said Walmsley.
New Resource Guide Assists Veterans in Agriculture
A new resource guide developed by Farm Bureau and the Farmer Veteran Coalition Partnership is now available. Farm Bureau and the FVC are working together to train beginning farmers, make equipment available to veteran farmers and help find farm ownership or employment opportunities for members of the military transitioning into the civilian workforce.
“Through this partnership, I am optimistic returning veterans will learn how to continue their service to our country by helping feed its citizens, nourish its land and make its rural communities more viable through the many entrepreneurial opportunities agriculture has to offer,” said American Farm Bureau Federation President Bob Stallman.
A Better Bean? FDA Trans Fat Ruling Felt Down on the Farm
A ban on trans fats in the food supply could one day transform the soybean fields of central Illinois. Even before the Food and Drug Administration this month announced a decision to seek a ban on artificial trans fats in food, growers were experimenting with zero trans fat soybean varieties. At stake are billions of dollars of revenue in the food processing, restaurant and agriculture industries. Iowa and Illinois traditionally vie year-to-year for the title of top soybean producer in the nation.
There’s also the issue of consumer tastes. Trans fats provide texture, flavor and a longer shelf life for processed foods. Soybeans are only one source of partially hydrogenated vegetable oils - canola and palm oils are common sources—that result in trans fats in processed foods ranging from frozen pizza to coffee creamer. All increase the risk of heart disease, according to the FDA, which has only just begun the process of putting together proposed rules. An FDA analysis says the decision will effectively end the use of artificially produced trans fats in foods, a move health-care and nutrition advocates have sought for years.
Corn at 95 Percent Harvested, Soybeans Done
There is only a small amount of harvesting left to finish across the nation, as the Agriculture Department’s Weekly Crop Progress report on Monday showed that 95 percent of corn and 100 percent of soybeans have been brought in from the fields. Corn harvest levels have risen four percentage points since last week and while in 2012 the corn crop was already completed by now, the pace of progress thru this week is still ahead of the five-year average of 91 percent.
Those states reporting as being 100 percent finished with corn harvesting are Colorado, North Carolina, Tennessee and Texas, with a majority of the remaining key growing states reporting in the mid to high 90 percent range.
This is the final Weekly Crop Progress report for 2013, with the next release scheduled for 7 April 7. According to USDA the next significant survey of farm results will begin in early December when the National Agricultural Statistics Service will be surveying approximately 90,000 US producers. The responses will be complied to produce a final report on 2013 row crops, specifically harvest acreage and yield results. The Annual Crop Production Summary will be released on Jan. 10.
Animal Rights Activist Arrested on Cruelty Charges in Colorado
Taylor Radig, an animal rights activist who went undercover with the goal of recording abuse at a Colorado cattle company, has been charged with animal cruelty, according to a Weld County Sheriff’s Office news release. Radig failed to report the alleged abuse of animals in a timely manner and was charged with a Class 1 misdemeanor. Radig shot undercover video for the activist group Compassion Over Killing and turned it in to local authorities two months later.
Butterball Turkey Hotline Offers Expanded Options