All Vocabulary
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Elementary Vocabulary  

Colorful Bean

bio biodegradable readily decomposed or broken down through bacterial action

non-biodegradable a resource or product that cannot be renewed or recycled

renewable a resource able to be restored or make new again

petroleum a thick, dark, flammable liquid that occurs naturally below the surface of the earth and is processed into such products as natural gas, gasoline, kerosene, and fuel oils

hydrogenated to treat a liquid vegetable oil with hydrogen and convert it into a solid fat

Cream to Butter

agitation to shake or move sharply and irregularly

fat content the amount per serving of dietary fat

homogenized milk that has been processed to break up fat globules and distribute them evenly throughout

nutrition label a source used to determine the amount of nutrition in a food product

Environmentally Friendly Farmer - My EFF

natural resources    materials or substances that are found in nature and are necessary or useful to humans

soil    black or dark brown upper layer of earth consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles in which plants grow

renewable a resource able to be restored or make new again

non-renewable a resource or product that cannot be renewed or recycled

fencing a barrier enclosing or bordering a field or yard, usually made fop sots and wire, used to prevent entrance or confine animals to a particular space

crops plant or plant products that are grown by farmers

wheat a plant with thin yellow stalks that produces a small grain that is important in animal feeds and from which flour is made to produce breads, baked goods, pasta

corn a tall green plant that produces large grains, or kernels, set in rows on a cob that yield numerous products that are highly valued for both human and animal consumption

soybeans a bushy plant in the legume family that produces a seed that contains a large amount of protein and is used as food sources for both humans and livestock

cover crops a crop that is planted between growing seasons to protect and enrich the soil

buffer zones strips of grass, trees, or shrubs that are planted along the edges of fields and/or waterways to decrease the amount of soil erosion (both by wind and water) and water pollution

shrubs  a woody plant that is smaller than a tree and has several main stems starting at or near the ground

erosion gradual breaking down

manure pit  a structure on livestock farms for the collection and storage of manure

barn a large farm building used for storing farm products (often feed or equipment) and housing farm animals

silo a tower on a farm used to store food (grain or grass) for farm animals

Fungi Fun

classification  the process of organizing something according to shared qualities or characteristics. Classifications of living things starts with categories called kingdoms

kingdom  categorizing living things by the way they absorb, ingest, or produce food
plants  multi-celled living things that produce their own from inorganic matter through photosynthesis

animals  multi-celled living things that consume organic matter as food for energy and are characterized by voluntary movement    

root underground part of the plant that anchors the plant and absorbs nutrients and water for the plant

stem main body of a plant that carries water and nutrients for the plant and supports the leaves, flowers, and fruit of the plant

leaves a flat green part that grows in various shapes from the stems and branches of a plant or tree and whose main function is photosynthesis

pistil long central part of the flower that produces the seeds

seed part of the plant, usually contained in the fruit of the plant, from which a new plant can grow

flower  the part of the plant that is often brightly colored and allows for reproduction to occur

vascular tissue  the system of tubes that carry resources (water, nutrients, and food) throughout the plant

photosynthesis  the process by which green plants use chlorophyll and sunlight to make foods from carbon dioxide and water that generates oxygen

carbon dioxide colorless, odorless gas that is produced when people and animals breathe out

chlorophyll green pigment present in plants that absorbs sunlight to make energy for photosynthesis process

oxygen colorless, odorless gas that is necessary for survival of living things

fungus  a special classification of living things that lacks chlorophyll and vascular tissue that feeds on organic matter and reproduces by spores

yeast single celled organism that converts sugar to alcohol and carbon dioxide

mycelium underground mass of interwoven filaments that collect the nourishment for the mushroom

stipe short stem-like part of the fungus that supports the cap

gills  the vertical plates arranged radially on the underside of mushroom caps that form spores

spores tiny, tiny part of the mushroom that produces new mushroom caps form the spores

cap  the button or umbrella like part of the mushroom that supports the reproduction process for the mushroom

Glue from Milk

casein a milk and cheese protein used in foods and in manufacturing plastics and adhesives

curds coagulated milk; to change from a liquid state to a thick, soft mass

whey a clear liquid that separates from the curd when milk is curdled

peel strength the stress an adhesivecan bear without tearing apart when it is pulled back along the surface

shear strength the stress an adhesive can bear without tearing apart when the stress is along the bond (pulling sideways)

tensile strength the stress an adhesive can bear without pulling apart when the stress is at a right angle to the bond (pulling apart)

viscosity property of fluids that causes them not to flow easily

How Well Do You Wash?

bacteria a division of microorganisms that cause various diseases

germs any microorganism, especially one that is harmful

friction the rubbing of a surface or object against another

percentage parts per hundred: a fraction or ratio out of 100

It Comes from WHERE?

pork meat from a pig

beef meat from cattle (cow, bull, or steer) raised for meat

piglet baby pig

sow adult female pig

boar adult male (for breeding)

calf baby cow

cow adult female

bull adult male (for breeding)

steer adult male (for meat)

dichotomous key tool used by scientists for identification that uses a series of questions about characteristics to identify through the use of process of elimination

protein part of structure of every cell in our body and is essential for human growth and repair

fat necessary in small amounts as it is essential to proper body function by insulating the body and helping the body absorb certain vitamins

calories energy content of food

zinc present in every part of the body and is vital for a healthy immune system

iron 2/3 of iron found in body is found in the hemoglobin of the blood and works to carry throughtout body and assists in mental development

shelter structure or building that provides cover from weather and/or protection against danger

nutrition process of being nourished with nutrients from food and using them in the body in order to keep healthy and grow

ear notches process of cutting notches on a new born baby pig’s ear for the purpose of identification

ear tags identification tag attached to the ear of an animal

veterinarian someone trained and qualified in the medical treatment of animals

Mighty Smooth Bean

seed coat the protective outer covering of a seed

stored sugars food within a seed put away for future use

embryo the early developmental stage of an animal or plant

roots the base of a plant that usually grows underground

absorption the process of taking in of a liquid or absorbing

chemical change to bring about a change in the chemical makeup of a substance

Pigment Power

acid a chemical that reacts with a base to form a salt

base a substance that reacts with an acid to form a salt

chemical reaction a reaction that happens when two or more molecules interact and something happens

control in an experiment, a substance not tested that remains in its original form

neutral having no decided color

phytochemicals naturally occurring plant chemicals that fight disease

Snack Attack

contamination to pollute; to make impure

fat oily animal substance

healthy soundness of body or mind

ingredients the elements in a mixture

nutrition labels information found on all foods to indicate calories, fat, etc.

processed a series of changes in developing or manufacturing a product

Tree Story

cambium cell layer under bark of plants and trees from which new wood and bark grow

dendrochronology tree ring dating; an absolute dating technique using the growth rings of trees to determine the age of a stand of trees

heartwood the skeletal system of a tree made of dead sapwood that appears a darker color than new sapwood

increment borer a tool used by forestry workers to sample a tree and determine the age of the tree without cutting down the tree

inner bark the digestive system of a tree made of live phloem cells that carry the sugar/food made in the leaves throughout the tree

outer bark the skin of the tree made of dead phloem cells that split and shift in various patterns special to each tree

phloem plant tissue made of live cells

xylem the woody vascular tissue of a plant or tree

sapwood the circulatory system of a plant or tree made of xylem cells that carry minerals and water throughout the tree